Breast cancer is one of the most cancer types worldwide. A self-breast examination can be a way to determine if there’s any lump present in the breasts. There are effective treatment options available to heal breast cancer. Connect with your gynecologist or a general physician immediately after noticing a mass in your breasts.
Fluid-filled pockets and fibrous tissues in the breasts feel like a mass/lump but are noncancerous. Overgrowth of the milk duct may cause a lump in your breast. However, if you suspect a hard mass there, best see a doctor. Visit the best cancer hospital in North Bengal for optimum breast cancer treatment.
Here’re some treatment options for breast cancer:
The objective of surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor and the neighboring tissue of the tumor that are otherwise healthy. The types of breast cancer surgery include:
- Lumpectomy. In this surgical procedure, the doctor removes the malignant tumor and a few margins of healthy surrounding tissue. A lumpectomy is best for small tumors, often followed by radiation therapy after the procedure. Or, the doctor may suggest chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery so that surgical removal of the tumor becomes easy.
- Mastectomy. It’s a removal of the entire breast tissue, involving the ducts, lobules, nipple, areola, some skin, etc. Since medical advancement has taken place, in a few cases, doctors can do a nipple-sparing mastectomy and skin-sparing mastectomy.
- Sentinel node biopsy. This procedure is to help prevent the removal of a large number of lymph nodes that don’t involve cancer. In order to confirm how many lymph nodes the cancer has spread to, doctors inject a dye to collect drainage from the tumor.
- Axillary lymph node dissection. If the cancer is determined in several lymph nodes, doctors go for removing many lymph nodes under the arm.
Radiation therapy is an effective cancer therapy, involving high-powered energy beams to destroy remaining cancer cells. Typically, after breast cancer surgery (lumpectomy or mastectomy), doctors recommend it. Undergo radiation therapy under the best oncologist at the cancer hospital in North Bengal.
For women with large breast cancer tumors often require chemotherapy prior to surgery so as to reduce the size of the tumour so that surgical removal of the tumour remains hassle-free. Chemotherapy is also given after surgery to kill fast-growing cancer cells. Plus, chemotherapy helps prevent cancer recurrence.
Other highly effective cancer therapy treatments include targeted therapy drugs, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy. One might not need all sets of cancer treatments for breast cancer healing. Be sure to get your tests done without procrastination if recommended by your oncologist.