Blood cancer starts in the plasma cells that produce antibodies in the body to fight disease and infections. And, plasma cells are found in the bone marrow and arise from antigen-activated B cells in secondary lymphoid organs like lymph nodes and spleen.
Changes in the blood cells affect their effective functioning. Researchers and doctors know this blood cell DNA mutation leads to cancer and it can result from a combination of reasons like genetics, or environmental factors. For dedicated cancer treatment in Siliguri, reach out to the most trusted oncologists in town.
Here are the types of blood cancer and their symptoms:
It’s a cancer in the blood-making tissues, which impairs the body’s ability to fight infections. Leukemia is when the bone marrow makes an excessive amount of abnormal white blood cells. The definitive cause of leukemia is unknown but several risk factors exist, such as genetic disorders, smoking, family history of leukemia, exposure to chemicals like benzene.
Symptoms of Leukemia
- Tiny red spots on the skin
- Unintentional weight loss
- Recurrent nosebleeds
- Bone pain/tenderness
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Frequent infections
- Fatigue, weakness that persists
- Easy bruising/bleeding
- Excessive sweating (at night)
It’s a blood cancer of the lymphatic system, which is your body’s disease-fighting network, involving the lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, and thymus gland. DNA cell mutation causes the formation of excessive amounts of ineffective lymphocytes in the lymph nodes. Receive optimum cancer treatment in Siliguri at the best cancer hospital and research center in town.
Symptoms of Lymphoma
- Swelling of lymph nodes in the groin, armpits, neck without pain
- Night sweats
- Itchy skin
- Shortness of breath
- Unexplained weight loss
- Unexplained persistent fatigue
Also known as multiple myeloma, it’s a cancer of the plasma cells found in the bone marrow (soft, spongy matter inside the bone). Cancerous cells hinder the effective functioning of healthy plasma cells and don’t let proteins work properly. What exactly leads to myeloma is not clear, however, factors like being male, old age, and family history may put one at risk.
Symptoms of multiple myeloma
- Bone pain in the chest, spine, hips
- Unexplained tiredness, weight loss
- Unexplained weakness
- Loss of appetite
- More frequent urination
- Frequent infections
Types of multiple myeloma include active multiple myeloma, smoldering multiple myeloma, immunoglobulins and myeloma, light chain myeloma, non-secretory myeloma, solitary plasmacytoma, etc. Consult your specialist at the best oncology centre in Siliguri.
Leukemia types include acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, etc. Lymphoma types include Hodgkin’s lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, etc.