There are two types of uterine cancer endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. This blog talks about endometrial cancer, which grows in the endometrium, the lining of the female reproductive organ uterus. About 80% of uterine cancer is endometrial cancer, considered type 1.
Frequent, unusual vaginal bleeding is one of the primary signs of endometrial cancer. At the same time, postmenopausal bleeding is also a possible sign here. A gynecological health evaluation is required. For endometrial cancer treatment, visit the best oncology centre in North Bengal.
Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Bleeding after menopause
- Pain during intercourse
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Pelvic pain
If you notice such symptoms, tell your doctor. It doesn’t mean you have endometrial cancer. Many gynecological conditions are causing these symptoms. Therefore, clinical diagnosis is a must for early detection of the problem and optimum healing.
Cancer staging is important so that doctors can know if the malignant (cancerous) growth is restricted to only the uterus or if it has reached neighboring organs or lymph nodes. Endometrial cancer is of two groups: Low-risk endometrial cancer and high-risk endometrial cancer.
Grade 1 and 2 endometrioid adenocarcinoma are referred to as type 1 endometrial cancer (lower-grade cancer). Grade 3 endometrioid tumors are called type 2 (higher-grade cancer). Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of endometrial cancer and it begins in the glandular tissue in the uterus.
Other endometrial cancer types include:
- Uterine papillary serous carcinoma
- Uterine carcinosarcoma
- Uterine clear cell carcinoma
- Uterine sarcoma
Knowing your symptoms, a physical exam, a pelvic exam, transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy, blood tests, dilation & curettage, endometrial biopsy, positron emission tomography, chest X-ray, CT scan, MRI, etc. are diagnostic procedures for endometrial cancer.
Clinical tests and procedures help the doctor determine the stage, location, and overall details of the malignant tumor. You might consult the leading cancer specialist at the top oncology centre in North Bengal. Surgery is the most common treatment for almost all stages of endometrial cancer.
Risk Factors for Endometrial Cancer
Several risk factors increase the likelihood of endometrial cancer, which is more common in women over 40/50. Here’re some contributing factors:
- More years of menstruation
- Late menopause
- Excessive oestrogen level
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Never having been pregnant
- Lynch syndrome
- High blood pressure
- A personal history of breast cancer
- Family history of breast cancer
- Family history of colorectal or endometrial cancer
- Oestrogen-only hormone replacement therapy
- A diet high in animal fat
Anemia and cancer spreading are two common complications of endometrial cancer if remains poorly treated or untreated. You can consult the top doctors at the best cancer hospital in Siliguri. Apart from surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy work well at endometrial cancer healing.